Test and Quizzes
(Final study guide appears below)
I Test - Foundations of Government
Roots of Democracy
Hey King, Get Off Our Backs
Declaration of Independence (DoI)
Articles of Confederation (AoC)
II Test - Constitution and Three Branches of Government
When was the Constitution written?
How many states ratified it?
How many delegates attended the Constitutional Convention
What is the Constitution?
How many articles are in the Constitution?
What is Article I
What is Article II
What is Article III
What is Article IV
What is Article V
What is Article VI
What is Article VII
How many amendments are there to the Constitution?
Describe the process (most popular) for amending the Constitution
What does the Executive branch do?
What does the Legislative branch do?
What does the Judicial branch do?
What are the qualifications for the House of Representatives?
What are the qualifications for the Senate?
How many members of the House of Representatives are there?
How many members of the Senate?
What's the term for a member of the House? The Senate?
How many votes do you need for a bill to pass in the House?
How many votes do you need for a bill to pass in the Senate?
What's the name and political party of the current Speaker of the House?
What are the powers of the Executive branch?
What are the powers of the Legislative branch?
How long are you appointed for if you are a SCOTUS justice or federal judge?
What's the difference between a bill and a law?
POTUS has two choices to do with bills that come to him from the House and Senate
Name the two California U.S. Senators
What is the order of succession if the President is unable to serve?
What does the cabinet do? What is a cabinet?
What are the qualifications for being POTUS?
What are the two major political parties of the U.S.?
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
Who is the Chief Justice of the U.S.?
FINAL STUDY GUIDE
Declaration of Independence (DoI)
Constitution and Three Branches of Government
6. When was the Constitution written?
7. What is the Constitution?
8. How many articles are in the Constitution?
9. What is Article I
10. What is Article II
11.What is Article III
12. What is Article IV
13. What is Article V
14. What is Article VI
15. What is Article VII
16. How many amendments are there to the Constitution?
17. Describe the process (most popular) for amending the Constitution
18. What does the Executive branch do?
19. What does the Legislative branch do?
20. What does the Judicial branch do?
21. What are the three qualifications to serve in the House of Representatives?
22. What are the three qualifications to serve in the Senate?
23. How many members of the House of Representatives are there?
24. How many members of the Senate?
25. What's the term for a member of the House? The Senate?
26. How many votes do you need for a bill to pass in the House?
27. How many votes do you need for a bill to pass in the Senate?
28. What's the name and political party of the current Speaker of the House?
29. What are the specific powers of the Legislative branch (beyond creating bills)?
30. How long are you appointed for if you are a SCOTUS justice or federal judge?
31. What's the difference between a bill and a law?
32. POTUS has two choices to do with bills that come to him from the House and Senate
33. Name the two California U.S. Senators
34. What is the order of succession (only the next two) if the President is unable to serve?
35. What does the cabinet do? What is a cabinet?
36. What are the three qualifications to being POTUS?
37. What are the two major political parties of the U.S.?
38. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
39. Who is the Chief Justice of the U.S.?
40. What percentage of votes are required to overturn a presidential veto?
41. How many votes do you need in House and Senate to pass a bill?
Congress at Work
42. Explain the legislative process for how a bill becomes a law
Voting in Congress - Four Factors
43. List and describe the four factors that members of Congress use when voting
All in a Day's Work
44. List at least six (6) presidential powers listed in the Constitution
45. Be able to list and describe the following cabinet positions: Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense and Attorney General
One Big Party
46.Define "party platform"
47. List the five (5) roles of political parties
48. Be able to explain the difference between a primary and a caucus
49. Describe the steps in the primary election and the general election for president
50. How many total electoral votes are there?
51. How many electoral votes does a candidate need to be elected POTUS?
52. What is the difference between the popular vote and the Electoral College vote
53. How are the number of electoral votes per state determined?
Judicial Branch in a Flash
54. What are the two systems of court in the U.S.?
55. What type of cases do each of the court systems hear?
56. Explain the roles of trial courts --> court of appeals --> Supreme Court
57. What is "judicial review"?
58. Be able to compare and contrast similarities and differences between trial court and appellate court
59. Be able to define "affirm", "reverse" and "remand" as it relates to appellate court rulings
60. What types of cases does SCOTUS usually hear?
61. Define “special interests group”
62. List two (2) cons and pros of interest groups
63. List the different things that special interests do (at least 4)
64. List the 3 different categories of interest groups
65. What does PAC stand for? What do PACs do?
66. What is (are) the criticisms of PACs?
67. What are the 4 other ways, besides campaign contributions, interest groups try to influence public policy? List and define them.
remember, many Amendments list more than one right. You're responsible for all of the rights listed in each Ammendment
16.2 The Crime
73. What are the two elements that must exist for something to be considered a crime?
74. Explain the difference between misdemeanors and felonies, including the associated punishments
75. Define "due process"
16.3 The Investigation
76. Define the "search and seizure" clause
77. What's the difference between "direct evidence" and "circumstantial evidence"
78. List four (4) examples where law enforcement does NOT need a search warrant because the invasion of privacy is considered minimal or when special circumstances apply.
79. What must search warrants be based on?
80. Who issues a search warrant?
81. Why do search warrants need to be specific?
82. In certain situations, searches may be made WITHOUT a warrant. List the four (4) examples.
83. Explain what the "exclusionary rule" is. Create a hypothetical example to illustrate the rule.
16.4 The Arrest
84. What are the specific steps that police officers have to follow, when making an arrest, to ensure that a suspect's rights are protected?
85. What four (4) things are police required to tell you upon your arrest? What is this called?
86. Describe the "public safety" exception related to notification of your rights
87. Summarize what happens to a suspect during booking. There are at least seven (7) things that occur during this process. Make sure you include them all.
16.5 Pretrial Activity
88. Within 48 hours of arrest, what do suspects have a right to?
89. Define "bail" and how the process works
90. List two circumstances where judge may decide not to issue bail
91. What's a grand jury?
92. List the ways a grand jury is different than a jury trial?
93. What happens at "arraignment?"
94. Define what a plea bargain is
16.6 The Trial
95. What are the four (4) factors that need to be considered in deciding whether a a trial has been "speedy?
96. When selecting a jury, what are the two processes that lawyers can follow to exclude someone from the jury?
97. Whose responsibility is it prove it's case? The prosecutor (The State) or the defendant?
98. What are the two rules that must be followed for evidence to be admissible (i.e., used in trial)
99. Summarize the jury process and their roles and responsibilities
100. What's "acquittal?"
101. What's a "hung jury?"
16.7 Sentencing and Appeals
102. What's "sentencing?"
103. What information is in a "pre-sentence" report? Who's use is it prepared for?
104. How are "indeterminate" and "determinate" sentencing different? Which one is eligible for parole?
105. Define "parole"
106. Who determines if a prisoner is granted parole?
107. What's a "concurrent sentence?"
108. What's a "consecutive sentence?"
109. In addition to/or in lieu of of imprisonment, list and define the other six (6) options the judge has besides sentencing
110. What are the three goals of sentencing?
111. What is the criteria for hearing an appeal?
112. What role does precedent play in the decisions of the Court?
113. Why might the court decide to reverse precedent?
114. Where do Supreme Court cases come from?
115. Be able to spell the last names of four (4) current Supreme Court justices