Immigration Battle questions
- What’s the name of the Congressman and what state is he from?
- Who’s he referring to when he talks about “his colleagues on the other side of the aisle”
- Why does he need to get 218 votes?
- What’s “polarization” (look it up and make sure the definition is in reference to politics)
- What’s the Republican’s interest/motivation in immigration reform?
- Who passes their bill first? House or Senate?
- How long do they have to get bill passed?
- What party controls the House of Representatives at this time?
Note: “... long hallways of Cannon, Longworth and Rayburn” refers to the House office buildings where Congressmen (and their staff) have their offices.
9. What’s Speaker Boehner’s response to why Republicans should favor immigration reform?
10. What percent of House Republicans do NOT need to care about Latino community? What does this mean?
11. Why can’t the House “do” [i.e., pass] the Senate immigration bill?
12. Who’s the best known Hispanic in Congress?
13. Who’s Paul Ryan? Why does the Congressman reach out to him?
14. What does Luis Gutierrez want (what are his “must haves”?)
15. What does Gutierrez and others do to keep the pressure on?
16. What happens on October 1st? Why is it an issue?
17. What’s your impressions of Luis Gutierrez?
18. How many deportations were occurring per day?
19. What is Speaker Boehner’s position on immigration?
20. How is bill House is working on different from the bill that passed in the Senate?
21. Why does Gutierrez’s Communication Director state that they should keep saying “immigration for all” even though that’s not going to happen in the legislation? What’s the politics of this recommendation?
22. How’s Rep. Mick Mulvaney’s Espanol? Bueno?
23. How does Mulvaney explain why nothing is happening on immigration reform?
24. A the Dreamers Conference how many people raise their hand when asked, “how many think the GOP [Republicans] are committed to getting legislation done this year?”
25. They [Dreamers] want to go after the Obama Administration on? What are their rally cries?
26. What does the leader of the National Council of La Raza call Obama?
27. What’s a “resolution” (definition as it relates to legislation)?
28. What’s a “caucus” (definition not in relation to elections, but to legislatures)
29. What’s the result of Obama’s meeting with Gutierrez?
30. What’s the deal Gutierrez agrees to with POTUS to do until July 4th? What’s “Plan B”?
31. What’s “executive action?”
32. Who are the two Hispanic Congressmen trying to recruit and why?
April 2014 (1:20:00)
33. Do you think Gutierrez’s signs and message on the House floor are helpful in getting Congressmen to act or are they harmful? Explain?
34. Describe the demographics of the people attending Mulvaney’s breakfast
35. What’s Mulvaney’s message to the attendees?
36. How has “Obama pissed everyone off?” according to the Congressmen meeting at the restaurant?
37. What’s a “whip count”
38. What are the two pieces of news that effectively kill the House immigration bill even though it has the necessary Republican votes?
39. What does Rep. Mulvaney imply about the immigration crisis on the Southwest border?
40. Why does Gutierrez say, even though he’s not happy about Obama’s planned action on immigration, that he has to treat the pending news as a victory?
41. List what POTUS proposes about the action he’s taking on undocumented workers
42. What did 17 states do within two weeks of POTUS’ announcement? Has anything been resolved on immigration in the year since the announcement?
read and annotate:
Is Obama's Immigration Executive Order Legal?In a speech last night, President Barack Obama announced a series of executive orders that will protect up to 5 million undocumented persons from deportation. "There are actions I have the legal authority to take as president – the same kinds of actions taken by Democratic and Republican presidents before me -– that will help make our immigration system more fair and more just," Obama said. Under the president's plan, certain undocumented persons – including those who have children who are U.S. citizens or legal residents – will have the opportunity to receive work documents. He did not extend protection from deportation to the parents of children who are benefiting from his earlier program aimed at so-called "Dreamers" (young people who were brought to the country illegally as children).
Republican lawmakers and other conservatives took the president to task for acting unilaterally, claiming he does not have the authority to advance such measures in the absence of congressional action. "The American people want both parties to focus on solving problems together; they don’t support unilateral action from a president who is more interested in partisan politics than working with the people’s elected representatives. That is not how American democracy works," said Speaker of the House John Boehner. House Judiciary Committee Chairman Bob Goodlatte, R-Va., added, "The president’s decision to recklessly forge ahead with a plan to unilaterally change our immigration laws ignores the will of the American people and flouts the Constitution."
Kentucky Sen. Mitch McConnell, who will become majority leader in January, said on the Senate floor, "the plan [Obama is] presenting is more than just, as the president himself has acknowledged, an overreach – it’s also unfair." Boehner's office, as U.S. News' Peter Roff noted, highlighted more than 20 times in which the president said he did not have or did not want to use executive authority to advance immigration reform. Sen. Rand Paul, R-Ky., opined that the House should take the initial steps to sue Obama over the move.
But Democrats rose to the president's defense, saying his actions are well within the bounds of his office's powers. "President Obama is doing what he can within his well-established constitutional authority," said Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid of Nevada. "The president’s actions fall well within the clear constitutional and legal authority of his office, and the well-established precedent set by every president since Eisenhower," said House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi. Even former President Bill Clinton weighed in, saying on Wednesday, "As far as I can tell, every president in the modern era has issued some executive action on immigration. So I imagine he’ll be on pretty firm legal ground."
GANG OF EIGHT (from Washington Post article in 2013)
There's a new bipartisan gang in town known as the Gang of 8: Eight senators who will unveil an immigration overhaul Monday.Comprised of four Republicans and four Democrats, the group came together remarkably quickly on an emotional and divisive issue that lawmakers have struggled to deal with for decades. What changed, obviously, was the 2012 election.
But why these eight senators? Here's a breakdown of everyone in the "Gang of Eight" and their reasons for getting involved.
* Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.): The Cuban-American Rubio is positioning himself to run for president in 2016 as a candidate with broad demographic appeal, and he has been pushing for his own immigration reform plan in recent months. Rubio initially resisted the group's approach in favor of his own policy, but he joined in December after receiving assurances that the proposal would line up with his own ideas. For the rest of the group, having a popular conservative and rising Republican star gives the bill a much better chance at passage. For Rubio, it means not getting left out of what could well become law.
* Sen. Jeff Flake (R-Ariz.): Flake's libertarian-oriented brand of conservatism has always included a pro-immigration stance. It was the main issue rival Wil Cardon used against him in a Senate primary last year. In 2007, he worked with Rep. Luis Guitierrez (D-Ill.) on a guest worker program and path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants. At the same time, as a Republican in Arizona he's also concerned about border security. Like Texas, Arizona has a large and increasing Hispanic population; Flake's electoral future is likely a consideration here too.
* Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.): McCain is a long-time advocate of immigration reform who tried and failed to push a comprehensive overhaul back in 2006. He backed off in the 2008 election and into 2010, seeing that his position was toxic with the Republican base. (Who could forget McCain's"complete the dang fence" ad?) Now that the party has come around, it makes perfect sense that McCain will help lead the effort.
* Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.): Like Flake and McCain, Graham has pushed for immigration reform before and has consistently argued that the GOP can't survive without it. Unlike either of them, he is very vulnerable to a conservative primary challenge next year. "No one will argue that Sen. Graham is taking the lead on this because of some political re-election calculation," said Walter Whetsell, a longtime South Carolina Republican strategist. "There are still many Republican voters in South Carolina that believe in a fairly rigid approach." But, Whetsell added, as the dynamic in the party shifts, Graham's consistency on the issue could ultimately serve him well.
* Sen. Dick Durbin (D-Ill.): Durbin authored the original DREAM Act giving undocumented young students residency and a path to citizenship; he will want to be involved to make sure a bipartisan agreement isn't too watered down. He's also the Senate Majority Whip, so he will play a key role in rounding up Democratic votes for whatever the actual legislation winds up looking like.
* Sen. Robert Menendez (D-N.J.): Menendez is a member of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus and has long been passionate on this issue. He introduced his own comprehensive immigration reform bill in 2010, when he was the only Hispanic member of the Senate. He was an early proponent of the DREAM Act, and along with Durbin has ties to pro-reform groups that will want to see a real pathway to citizenship.
* Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.): Schumer is the chairman of the Refugees and Border Security subcommittee of the Judiciary Committee. He took over for the late Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.), who tried and failed to pass a bipartisan, comprehensive immigration framework in 2007. Schumer and Graham attempted bipartisan talks in 2010. And, Schumer is widely regarded as the next Democratic Senate leader so delivering on such a major issue would be (another) feather in his cap.
* Sen. Michael Bennet (D-Colo.): Bennet has only been in the Senate since 2010, but he's already been staking out ground as a bipartisan reformer on the issue. It has relevance in Colorado, which is 20 percent Hispanic and ranks 12th in the nation for undocumented immigrants. Bennet recently developed a state compact on immigration with former Republican senator Hank Brown that calls for federal action and a "sensible path forward" for some undocumented immigrants. Bennet is also the chairman of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee and could have his eye on the politics of a deal.
Senate passes immigration billBy Seung Min Kim
06/27/13 04:25 PM EDT
Updated 06/28/13 12:19 AM EDT
The Senate on Thursday passed the most monumental overhaul of U.S. immigration laws in a generation, which would clear the way for millions of undocumented residents to have a chance at citizenship, attract workers from all over the world and devote unprecedented resources for security along the U.S.-Mexico border.
The vote was 68-32. Fourteen Republicans crossed the aisle to vote with all Democrats in favor. Thursday’s vote now puts the onus of immigration reform on the Republican-led House, where leaders have been resistant to the Senate legislation.
“The strong bipartisan vote we took is going to send a message across the country, it’s going to send a message to the other end of the Capitol as well,” said Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.), the leader of the so-called Gang of Eight. “The bill has generated a level of support that we believe will be impossible for the House to ignore.
The bill was a product of not only weeks of floor debate and committee rewrites, but months of private negotiations by the Gang of Eight — the group of four Democrats and four Republicans — to produce legislation that would give the Senate a shot at passing immigration reform, something it was unable to do just six years ago.
Republicans, shellacked by Mitt Romney’s 44-point loss among Latinos in the 2012 presidential election, almost immediately coalesced behind immigration reform as a top priority. The Gang of Eight got together last fall and recruited veterans of the 2007 immigration battle such as Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.), long-time champions of reform such as Sen. Robert Menendez (D-N.J.) and high-wattage Senate newcomers, like Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.).
If Congress passes immigration reform, it would make good on a promise from President Barack Obama and likely become his most significant policy achievement in his second term. In a statement, Obama emphasized that the bill was collaborative effort.
“The bipartisan bill that passed today was a compromise,” Obama said. “By definition, nobody got everything they wanted. Not Democrats. Not Republicans. Not me. But the Senate bill is consistent with the key principles for commonsense reform that I – and many others – have repeatedly laid out.”
He called on the House to act and emphasized to supporters that the fight is not over. “Now is the time when opponents will try their hardest to pull this bipartisan effort apart so they can stop commonsense reform from becoming a reality. We cannot let that happen,” Obama said.
The Gang of Eight bill would essentially revamp every corner of U.S. immigration law, establishing a 13-year pathway to citizenship for millions of undocumented immigrants, with several security benchmarks that have to be met before they can obtain a green card. The measure would not only increases security along the border, but requires a mandatory workplace verification system for employers, trying to ensure no jobs are given to immigrants who are not authorized to work in the United States.
It also includes a new visa program for lesser-skilled workers – the product of negotiations between the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and labor unions. And it shifts the country’s immigration policies away from a family-based system to one that is focused on more on work skills.
In another marked change from the failed 2007 effort, no Democrats voted against the immigration bill on Thursday. Six years ago, 15 Senate Democrats did.
This year, all five Senate Republican leaders rejected the bill, with Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) saying he didn’t believe there was sufficient border-security measures to stem future illegal immigration.
The late afternoon vote in the Senate had much pomp and circumstance. Senators voted from their desks, a practice usually saved for historic pieces of legislation. Vice President Joe Biden arrived from the White House to preside. And dozens of young activists wearing shirts that said “11 Million Dreams” filled the Senate gallery, watching the last hours of floor debate.
They broke out in chants of “Yes we can,” after the final vote count was announced, despite being warned by Biden in advance to stay quiet.
Read more: http://www.politico.com/story/2013/06/immigration-bill-2013-senate-passes-093530#ixzz3pAnMdD6W